Avant-garde was once a French soldierly metaphor that referred to the brave vanguards of an army pushing into enemy territories. The army followed the courageous avant-gardes’ pathways; so, to be scouting the terrain you were advancing before others who then progressed in relative safety. To be an avant-garde in art means derring-do to open up pathways through difficult or unknown cultural terrain so that everyone else can follow. During the first few decades of the 20th century to be avant-garde meant having little respect for either established institution or audience. Those with avant-garde sympathies often made shameless attempts to be different and engaging enough to be noticed by the distributors of largesse in an unpredictable arrangement between governments, connoisseurs and the consumer multitudes. It was Liberal Party Prime Minister John Gorton, taking advise from lobbyists arguing for consolidation of arts management, who formed the Australia Council for the Arts. That was in 1968, which is also the start of our Post-modernism period. I was there. Then I wrote about it later: Avant-garde of Niche | Pieter Zaadstra High Thunder eMagazine.